First Nation Sacred Sites

For First Nations, their identity, nationhood, and cultural survival are all interconnected to their relationship with the land and cannot be separated out from their specific lands. This inexorable connection is celebrated in oral histories, creation stories, ceremonies and cultural practices.

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First Nation Relationship to the Land

“Indigenous peoples have the right to maintain and strengthen their distinctive spiritual relationship with their traditionally owned or otherwise occupied and used lands, territories, waters and coastal seas and other resources and to uphold their responsibilities to future generations in this regard.” [1]

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What are urban reserves

This is the second installment in our series on First Nation reserves. The first part provided some FAQs on reserves whereas this article will provide some information on urban reserves. According to the Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada website, as of 2008, there were over 120 urban reserves across Canada [1]. The province with the highest number of urban reserves is Saskatchewan with 54, including oldest, the Muskeg Lake Cree Nation urban reserve in Saskatoon, which was created in 1988.

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8 First Nation reserve FAQs

A First Nation reserve is a tract of land set aside under the Indian Act and treaty agreements for the exclusive use of an Indian band (First Nation). Earliest examples of reserves date back to attempts by French missionaries in 1637 to encourage Aboriginal Peoples to settle in one spot and embrace both agriculture and Christianity. As more and more Europeans settled in Canada and on the traditional lands of Indigenous Peoples, it became apparent to the authorities that an effective means to ensuring the most fertile land was available to European farmers was needed. The development of the reserve system met this need.

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BC First Nations

There is common misconception that BC First Nations are all the same.  

When you take a look at this map of BC First Nations Language Families, that the UBC Museum of Anthropology produced and gave us permission to reproduce for use in our training efforts, you can quickly see just how diverse they are. 

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Matrimonial Real Property Act

How long do you think First Nations have been fighting against inequitable treatment of First Nation women by federal government laws and policies? ........At least since 1869 and likely back to 1867 with the passage of the British North America Act [1] and Section 91.24 when the Federal Government gained control of Indians and Lands reserved for Indians.

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First Nations Cultural Differences

Understanding First Nations Cultural Differences is key to Working Effectively with Aboriginal Peoples®.  In fact, it should be rule number one. It will drive all of our decsion making; it will require us to do research, formulate appropriate strategies, and much more.  

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First Nations and Salmon Fisheries

Salmon have been a vital food source to many First Nations in BC since time immemorial but to many cultures, the salmon is much, much more than a food source. Some cultures believe salmon are their returning relatives, others believe they are gift bearing relatives; salmon feature prominently in legends, art and ceremonies. Prior to European contact, salmon was also an important trade item so contributed to the community economy.

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UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

  United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples


On September 13, 2007 the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) was adopted by 144 countries, with 11 abstentions and four countries voting against it. These four countries were Canada, the USA, New Zealand, and Australia. By the close of 2010, all four dissenting countries reversed their positions and endorsed the Declaration.

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First Nations Health Authority Boldly Goes Where None has Gone Before

medical_icon-1The First Nation Health Authority (FNHA) in BC has taken over control of all Health Canada health programs and services for the 203 First Nations in the province. The First Nations Health Authority will be responsible for planning, management, service delivery, and funding of health programs previously provided by Health Canada's First Nations Inuit Health Branch B.C. Region. A first in Canada, the Agreement sees the federal government hand over the annual budget of $377.8 million, while the BC government will contribute $83.5 million over nine years.

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Indigenous Corporate Training Inc., provides information on this blog for free as a resource for those seeking information about Indigenous Peoples in Canada. Readers looking for more detailed information, or who have questions, can sign up for our fee-for-service training. Also, ICT encourages everyone who reads this information to use their best judgment given their own circumstances, vulnerabilities, and needs, and to contact a consulting or legal professional if you have more specific questions. Join the conversation over on our Linkedin page.