Lower Income - #4 of 8 Key Issues for Indigenous Peoples in Canada

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"Indigenous Canadians earn about 70 cents for every dollar made by non-Indigenous Canadians, according to Canada's income data. This is a very frequent occurrence in metropolitan areas, where Indigenous employees earn 34% less than non-Indigenous workers doing the same job. The situation is much worse in remote reservations* where non-Indigenous individuals earn up to 88 percent more than Indigenous people." [1]
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Inadequate Housing and Crowded Living Conditions - #3 of 8 Key Issues

Siksika Nation, Alberta - May 2, 2021. Photo: Shutterstock

“Indigenous People face the worst housing outcomes in the country.” Hon. Marc Miller, Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations [1]

To understand the complexities of the housing situation, some basic information on the reserve system, created in 1876, is required. The two articles linked below provide an overview of on-reserve housing.

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8 Key Issues for Indigenous Peoples in Canada

Eight of the key issues of most significant concern for Indigenous Peoples in Canada are complex and inexorably intertwined - so much so that government, researchers, policymakers and Indigenous leaders seem hamstrung by the enormity. It is hard to isolate one issue as being the worst. The roots of these issues lie in the Indian Act and colonialism.

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First Nation Right to Vote

The right to vote is widely recognized as a fundamental human right in a democratic society and in Canada every Canadian citizen has that right as guaranteed in Section 3 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. [1] Ensuring the ability of citizens to exercise their right to vote is the responsibility of the government.

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What are Aboriginal Rights?

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The doctrine of Aboriginal rights exists… because of one simple fact: when Europeans arrived in North America, Aboriginal peoples were already here, living in communities on the land, and participating in distinctive cultures, as they had done for centuries. It is this fact, and this fact above all others, which separates Aboriginal peoples from all other minority groups in Canadian society and which mandates their special legal status.” [1]

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The Enduring Nature of First Nation Stereotypes

Canada is a country whose citizens pride themselves on their diversity and promotion of pluralism yet turn a blind eye to the continued stereotypical views and depictions of First Nations people present in the media, sports, advertisements, the fashion industry and conversations.

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What Is the Root Cause of Indigenous Education Issues

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Fifty-eight percent of young adults living on reserve in Canada have not completed high school, according to the 2011 National Household Survey census results. And that’s an increase from the 2006 census results. How did this come about?

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Aboriginal Peoples Survey (2011) - A Snapshot

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When reading statistics about the Aboriginal population in Canada, keep in mind that just as there is cultural diversity, there is also great diversity in the social conditions of Aboriginal people. Geographic location, income level, and cultural practices influence the ability of Aboriginal people to work, get an education and afford healthy homes.

Why is it important to be aware of the statistics regarding the Aboriginal population? Because, if you are in consulting or recruitment, for example, an understanding of the median age, education and residency provides valuable information for your engagement and outreach strategies.

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1969 White Paper - Rejected by Liberal Party of Canada

Jean Chrétien, White Paper Announcement, June 1969. Photo: Duncan Cameron / Library and Archives Canada / e011065954

At the Liberal Party of Canada biennial convention in Montreal in February 2014, party members voted on a number of policy resolutions. Of particular interest to me was the resolution to reject the 1969 White Paper on Indian Policy, whose authors included Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau.

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Open Letter to Minister Valcourt from Union of BC Indian Chiefs

Honourable Bernard Valcourt
Minister, Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada
Les Terrasses de la Chaudière, North Tower
10 Wellington Street, Room 2100
Gatineau, Quebec, K1A 0H4
Via facsimile: (819) 953-4941

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